DOI 10.5414/CN107849

Clinical Nephrology, Volume 80 - August (114 - 120)

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its risk factors in patients with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis in South China

Wenlong Gu1, 2, Xiao Yang1, 2, Chunyan Yi1, Xueqing Yu1, 2
1 Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, 2 Key Laboratory of Nephrology, Ministry of Health, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

Abstract

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is prevalent and widely proved as a predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in general population. However, there was no large sample study concerning MS in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We aimed to study the prevalence, risk factors of MS, and the relationship between CVD and MS in CAPD patients in South China. Methods: This singlecenter cross-sectional study was conducted in patients on CAPD. Demographic, clinical, and anthropometric data were collected and compared between the patients with and without MS. Logistic Regression analysis was used to identify the independent risk factors of MS. Results: A total of 511 CAPD patients were enrolled. Compared to patients without MS, patients with MS tended to be diabetic, female, and older. Fasting waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, visceral fat area, as well as white blood cell, platelet, globulin, and high sensitivity C reactive protein in peripheral blood were significantly higher in MS than in non-MS group. But diastolic blood pressure was significantly lower in patients with MS than in patients without MS. Logistic regression showed old age (OR: 1.50, p < 0.001), higher level of WBC (OR: 1.41, p < 0.001), and glucose load of dialysate (GLD) (OR: 1.50, p = 0.002) were independent associated factors of MS and MS was an independent associated factor of CVD (OR: 2.37, p < 0.001). Conclusions: MS was prevalent in CAPD patients in our center and an independent associated factor of CVD. Old age, higher levels of WBC, and GLD were associated with MS independently.

Author Details

Authors

  • Wenlong Gu1
  • 2
  • Xiao Yang1
  • 2
  • Chunyan Yi1
  • Xueqing Yu1
  • 2

Departments

  • 1 Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University,
  • 2 Key Laboratory of Nephrology, Ministry of Health, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

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