DOI 10.5414/CPP43154

Int. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Volume 43 - March (154 - 162)

Assessment of the bioequivalence of two nelfinavir tablet formulations under fed and fasted conditions in healthy subjects

B. Kaeser, J.-E. Charoin, M. Gerber, P. Oxley, H. Birnboeck, N. Saiedabadi, L. Banken
1 Department of Clinical Pharmacology, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., Basel, Switzerland, 2 Institut de Pharmacologie Clinique Roche, Strasbourg, France, 3 Department of Clinical Pharmacology Operations, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Welwyn Garden City, UK, 4 Department of Non-Clinical Drug Safety, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Basel, Switzerland, 5 Department for Biometrics, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Welwyn Garden City, UK, 6 Department for Biometrics, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Basel, Switzerland

Abstract

Objectives: This study was designed to assess the bioequivalence between the commercial 250 mg nelfinavir tablet and the new 625 mg nelfinavir tablet (Roche) which was developed to reduce the daily pill burden for patients from 10 to 4 tablets in a nelfinavir 1250 mg twice daily regimen. Methods: A total of 52 healthy male subjects were enrolled in this randomized four-period crossover study to receive single oral doses of 1250 mg nelfinavir administered as five commercial 250 mg tablets (reference formulation) and as two new 625 mg tablets (test formulation). Each of the two formulations were taken after an overnight fast and immediately after intake of a standard breakfast (820 kcal) on separate occasions. Blood samples were collected pre-dose and at appropriate intervals after drug administration. Plasma concentrations of nelfinavir and its main metabolite M8 were assayed by a validated LC-MS/ MS assay and the pharmacokinetics of nelfinavir and M8 were derived using standard non-compartmental analysis. Results: The primary parameters for bioequivalence testing were the logarithmically transformed AUC0-inf and Cmax of nelfinavir taken from 50 subjects who completed all four treatments. Bioequivalence was accepted if the 90% confidence interval (CI) was contained entirely in the equivalence region (80%, 125%). In the fed state, this criterion was met for AUC (effect ratio = 95%; CI = 87%, 103%) and Cmax (effect ratio = 101%; CI = 94%, 109%) and bioequivalence of the two treatments could be concluded. In the fasted state, AUC clearly failed to meet the bioequivalence criteria (effect ratio = 73%; CI = 59%, 90%) and Cmax was borderline outside the lower acceptance region (effect ratio = 97%; CI = 79.6%, 118%). Therefore, bioequivalence could not be concluded under fasted condition. Food increased the systemic exposure to nelfinavir (as reflected by comparison of the logarithmically transformed AUC0-inf values under fed and fasted conditions) by six- and eight-fold after dosing with the 250 mg and the 625 mg tablet, respectively. Conclusions: Bioequivalence of the new 625 mg nelfinavir tablet relative to the commercial 250 mg tablet, at a dose of 1250 mg, was confirmed in the fed state but not under fasted conditions. As nelfinavir is recommended to be taken with food, the new tablet is well-suited to decrease the daily pill burden for patients on a nelfinavir twice daily regimen and to enhance patient’s compliance and adherence.

Author Details

Authors

  • B. Kaeser
  • J.-E. Charoin
  • M. Gerber
  • P. Oxley
  • H. Birnboeck
  • N. Saiedabadi
  • L. Banken

Departments

  • 1 Department of Clinical Pharmacology, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., Basel, Switzerland,
  • 2 Institut de Pharmacologie Clinique Roche, Strasbourg, France,
  • 3 Department of Clinical Pharmacology Operations, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Welwyn Garden City, UK,
  • 4 Department of Non-Clinical Drug Safety, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Basel, Switzerland,
  • 5 Department for Biometrics, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Welwyn Garden City, UK,
  • 6 Department for Biometrics, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Basel, Switzerland

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